How to grow Turnips

Turnips are a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be grown easily in your own backyard

How to grow Turnips

In this article:


Turnips are a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be grown easily in your own backyard. They are a cool-season crop with a crisp texture and peppery taste. This article will guide you through the process of growing turnips successfully from choosing the right variety to preserving and cooking them.

Choosing the right variety of turnips

When selecting turnip seeds, consider the climate in your region and the time you plan to harvest them. Some popular varieties include Purple Top White Globe, Tokyo Cross, and Hakurei. Each variety has different flavors and storage capabilities.

Soil preparation for growing turnips

Turnips thrive in well-drained soils with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. Clear any debris from the planting area and amend the soil with organic matter such as compost or aged manure to improve its fertility and texture.

Sowing turnip seeds

Sow the seeds directly in the prepared soil, spacing them about 1 inch apart and half an inch deep. If you have a large garden, consider creating row beds or using raised beds for easier maintenance. Water the area thoroughly after sowing.

Watering and fertilizing turnips

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Providing 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week is generally sufficient. Fertilize the turnips every 3-4 weeks with a balanced vegetable fertilizer to promote healthy growth.

Managing pests and diseases

Turnips are relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but it's important to monitor your plants for any signs of trouble. Common pests include aphids, flea beetles, and cabbage worms. Neem oil or organic insecticidal soap can be used to control these pests.

Thinning turnip seedlings

Once the seedlings reach 2-3 inches in height, thin them to maintain a spacing of 4-6 inches between plants. Removing excess seedlings allows the remaining plants to develop a strong root system and have enough space to grow.

Harvesting turnips

Turnips are usually ready for harvest 45-60 days after sowing. You can harvest them earlier for smaller, tender roots or leave them in the ground for larger turnips. Gently pull the plants from the soil, keeping the tops intact for easy storage.

Storing and preserving turnips

After harvesting, remove the leafy tops from the turnips and store them separately. Place the roots in a cool and dark location, such as a root cellar or refrigerator, where they can last for several weeks. The leafy greens can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week.

Troubleshooting common issues with turnips

If you encounter problems with your turnip crop, such as yellowing leaves or root damage, it could be due to nutrient deficiencies or pests. Conduct a soil test and consult a local gardening expert for guidance on corrective actions.

Nutritional benefits of turnips

Turnips are a low-calorie vegetable packed with nutrients. They are an excellent source of fiber, vitamin C, potassium, and calcium. Including turnips in your diet can support healthy digestion, boost immunity, and promote strong bones.

Delicious turnip recipe ideas

Here are some mouth-watering recipe ideas to enjoy the flavors of turnips:

  • Roasted turnip and carrot soup
  • Turnip and potato mash
  • Turnip gratin
  • Pickled turnips
  • Turnip noodles with garlic and parmesan


Growing turnips is a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy a nutritious and versatile vegetable right from your own backyard. By following the tips and guidance provided in this article, you'll be able to successfully cultivate turnips and savor their delicious flavors in various culinary creations.

Filed under

More Vegetables

  • How to grow Nettles

    Nettles are a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be grown in your backyard

  • How to grow Microgreens

    Microgreens are young vegetable greens that are harvested shortly after sprouting

  • How to grow Chards

    Chards, also known as Swiss chard or silverbeet, are leafy green vegetables that are rich in vitamins and minerals

  • How to grow Globe Artichokes

    Globe artichokes are delicious and nutritious vegetables that can be easily grown in your garden

You might also like

  • How to grow Damsons

    Welcoming you to the world of growing Damsons, this article aims to provide you with all the information you need to successfully cultivate these delicious fruits in your backyard or garden

  • How to grow Lychees

    Lychees are delicious and tropical fruits that are highly sought after for their unique flavor and juicy texture

  • How to grow Passionfruits

    Passionfruit is a delicious tropical fruit that is enjoyed by many for its unique flavor and versatility

  • How to grow Chinese Evergreens

    Chinese Evergreens (Aglaonema) are popular indoor plants known for their vibrant foliage and ability to thrive in low light conditions

Gardening jobs for April

Read our checklist of gardening tasks to do in your garden this April →.

Daily gardening tips: day 106

Encourage pollinators with a diverse garden